Glossary of Terms

Metacognition. Knowledge about and awareness of one's own thinking and learning and the use of strategies to guide, monitor, and redirect one's thinking and learning.

Problem Solving. In general, problem solving involves dealing with new and unfamiliar tasks or situations that present some obstacle, and for which relevant solution methods are not known.

Schema. A term with no fixed definition that is used to refer to knowledge structures; typically used as a synonym for prior knowledge.

Long Term Memory. Stage of information processing corresponding to the permanent respository of knowledge that may be recalled for future use, unles forgotten.

Short Term Memory. Information processing stage corresponding to awareness (working memory), what one is conscious of at a given moment.

Episodic Memory. Information in LTM associated with particular events, times, places. Personal or autobiographical information characterized by the vividness of the memories.

Semantic Memory. Semantic memory allows humans to communicate with language. In semantic memory, the brain stores information about words, what they look like and represent, and how they are used in an organized way (historical facts, technical information, addresses, phone numbers).

Visual (iconic). Information coded as pictures, images, scenes.

Mnemonics. A type of learning method tha makes to-be-learned material meaningful by relating it to information that one already knows.